Demonstratives | This, That, These, Those

Andrew and Maria are out shopping and they discuss what they want to buy.

Andrew: Oh, look at that skirt Maria. It would look really good on you.

Maria: This red one? Red isn’t my color. I look awful in red.

Andrew: Well, how about this blue one?

Maria: Hey! Yeah I love that one but I don't have any shoes to go with it.

Andrew: Well, look over there. Those dark blue ones may go with it. Let's walk over there and take a look.

Maria: You mean these ones?

Andrew: Yes, that pair. Why don’t you try them on?

Maria: I think I will. I really like them and I hope they have my size.

Andrew: Oh, I'm sure they will and then you can get the skirt and then after that, we can shop for me.

Grammar Notes

Point 1: 'This' and 'that' refer to singular countable and uncountable nouns.
  1. How much is that rice?
  2. Look at this sofa.
Point 2: 'These' and 'those' refer to plural nouns.
  1. These shoes are beautiful.
  2. Those earrings don’t look good on you.
Point 3: Distance. 'This' and 'these' refer to things which are close to us. 'That' and 'those' refer to things that are not close enough for us to touch.
  1. Look at that beautiful red Ferrari parked over the road.
  2. Feel these smooth leather gloves.
Point 4: The demonstratives 'this', 'that', 'these' and 'those' are used as determiners with nouns.
  1. That car.
  2. Those bicycles.
Point 5: The demonstratives 'this', 'that', 'these' and 'those' are used as pronouns without nouns.
  1. This is bigger than that.
  2. Those cost a lot more than these.
Answer these questions about the interview.

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Vocabulary Challenge

Complete the sentences with the words below.
this • that • these • those
  1. I like car across the street.
  2. Look at clouds in the sky.
  3. Here are my keys. are my only set, so do not lose them.
  4. What do you think of shirt I a wearing?
  5. I like this one better than one.